CAMBOYA – REPUBLICA JEMER

(KHEMER REPUBLIC)    1970 – 1975

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La República Jemer fue una etapa de la historia de Camboya que se refiere al derrocamiento del gobierno presidido por el príncipe Norodom Sihanouk como Primer Ministro del Reino de Camboya por parte del general Lon Nol, quien se presentó como cabeza de estado de la nueva forma política a la que llamó la República Jemer(République khmère en francés).

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EMBLEMA DE LA REPUBLICA JEMER.

Este nuevo estado se alineó de parte de los Estados Unidos y Vietnam del Sur en contra de Vietnam del Norte y los Viet Cong, cedió su territorio para bases militares estadounidenses con ese fin y se enfrentó a las guerrillas de los Jemeres Rojos dirigidos por Pol Pot. La decadencia del poder de los Estados Unidos en la Guerra de Vietnam debilitó el gobierno de Lon Nol cuyo estado cayó el 17 de abril de 1975 con la victoria de los jemeres rojos, los cuales fundaron la Kampuchea Democrática.

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PRESIDENTE GENERAL LON NOL.

El golpe de estado de Lon Nol al príncipe Norodom Sihanouk es el principal motivo del ingreso de Camboya de manera directa dentro de la Guerra de Vietnam. En este periodo los Estados Unidos con la autorización del presidente Richard Nixon adelantó un intenso programa de bombardeos al noreste del país que causó un gran número de víctimas civiles y no hizo otra cosa que fortalecer a las guerrillas de los jemeres rojos. Lon Nol fue evacuado por los estadounidenses a principios de abril de 1975 y murió en California en 1985.

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MONEDA DE 5.000 RIELES – 1974.

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SELLO EMITIDO POR LA REPUBLICA JEMER.

The Khmer Republic (Khmer: សាធារណរដ្ឋខ្មែរ) was the right-wing pro–United States military-led republicangovernment of Cambodia that was formally declared on 9 October 1970. Politically, the Khmer Republic was headed by General Lon Nol and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak that took power in the 18 March 1970 coup against Prince Norodom Sihanouk, then the country’s head of state.

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BILLETE DE 500 RIELES.

The main causes of the coup were Norodom Sihanouk’s toleration of North Vietnamese activity within Cambodia’s borders, allowing heavily armed Vietnamese Communist outfits de facto control over vast areas of eastern Cambodia. Another important factor was the dire state of the Cambodian economy, an indirect result of Sihanouk’s policies of pursuing neutrality.

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SOLDADOS JEMERES.

With the removal of Sihanouk, the existing Kingdom of Cambodia became a republic, although the throne had been officially vacant for some years since the death of King Norodom Suramarit. The character of the new regime was right-wing and nationalist; most significantly, it ended Sihanouk’s period of covert co-operation with the North Vietnamese regime and the Viet Cong, and aligned Cambodia with South Vietnam in the ongoing Second Indochina War. 

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EJERCITO DE LA REPUBLICA JEMER.

The Khmer Republic was opposed within the Cambodian borders by the Front uni national du Kampuchéa(FUNK), a relatively broad alliance between Sihanouk, his supporters, and the Communist Party of Kampuchea.

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GENERAL LON NOL VISITA LAS TROPAS.

The insurgency itself was conducted by the CPNLAF, the Cambodian People’s National Liberation Armed Forces: they were backed by both the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front (NLF, better known as the Viet Cong), who occupied parts of Cambodia as part of their ongoing war with the South Vietnamese government.

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PHNOM  PENH.

Despite the strongly militaristic character of the Khmer Republic, and quantities of military and financial aid from the United States, its military the Khmer National Armed Forces (Forces armées nationales khmères, or FANK) was poorly trained and unable to defeat either the CPNLAF or the Vietnamese forces of the PAVN and NLF. The Republic eventually fell on 17 April 1975, when the Khmer Rouge took Phnom Penh and briefly restored the Kingdom of Cambodia before renaming itself Democratic Kampuchea in January 1976.

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