YUGOSLAVIA (REINO)

(KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA)     1929 – 1945

yu-kings

El Reino de Yugoslavia, que sucedió al Reino de los Serbios, Croatas y Eslovenos, fue un Estado balcánico que existió desde el 3 de octubre de 1929 al 2 de diciembre de 1945. Comprendía el área de las provincias de Eslovenia, Bosnia y Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro y Macedonia, Croacia y Eslavonia.

400px-Coat_of_arms_of_the_Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia.svg

EMBLEMA DEL REINO DE YUGOSLAVIA.

La existencia del reino se divide políticamente en cuatro fases diferenciadas: la dictadura real de Alejandro I de Yugoslavia, la regencia de su primo Pablo tras el asesinato de aquel, el corto Gobierno del general Dušan Simović, que derrocó al regente, y la guerra mundial, durante la que el país quedó desmembrado y el reino solamente existió formalmente.

alejandro i

REY ALEJANDRO I.

El asunto que dominó principalmente la política yugoslava fue la forma de Estado y los intentos de resolución de los conflictos nacionalistas entre las distintas comunidades del país, en especial el descontento croata por la falta de autonomía respecto del Gobierno central. Durante la dictadura y parte de la regencia, el Gobierno trató de unificar por la fuerza el país y acabar con los regionalismos imponiendo un nacionalismo yugoslavo unificador, sin éxito.

pedro ii.

REY PEDRO II.

Económicamente el reino comenzó con una dura depresión económica debido a la crisis agrícola mundial de finales de la década de 1920 y la llegada de la Gran Depresión a Yugoslavia. A mediados de la década siguiente se produjo una cierta recuperación y mejora de la situación en el campo y de desarrollo de la industria, aunque no fue suficiente para mejorar de manera notable el nivel de vida de la población, que crecía rápidamente. Los preparativos para la guerra volvieron a empeorar las condiciones de vida de la población y la economía nacional, muy dependiente del Eje.

20-Dinara

BILLETE DE 20 CORONAS – EFIGIE PEDRO II – 1936.

yugoslavia-10000-dinara-1936

BILLETE DE 10.000 CORONAS – 1936.

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Serbian Cyrillic: Краљевина Југославија, “Kingdom of South Slavia) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed during the interwar period (1918–1939) and first half of World War II (1939–1943).

1 ducado, alejando i, 1918

1 DUCADO DE 1918 CON LA EFIGIE DE PEDRO I.

It was formed in 1918 by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia.

kyu_1

SELLOS DEL REINO DE YUGOSLAVIA.

The Kingdom of Montenegro had united with Serbia five days previously, while the regions of Kosovo, Vojvodina and Vardar Macedonia were parts of Serbia prior to the unification. 

familia real

FAMILIA REAL YUGOSLAVA.

For its first eleven years of existence, the Kingdom was officially called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but the term “Yugoslavia” was its colloquial name from its origins.  The official name of the state was changed to “Kingdom of Yugoslavia” by King Alexander I on 3 October 1929.

boda-pedro-ii

BODA DE PEDRO I.

The state was ruled by the Serbian dynasty of Karađorđević, which previously ruled Kingdom of Serbia under Peter I from 1903 (after the May Overthrow) onwards. Peter I became the first king of Yugoslavia until his death in 1921. He was succeeded by his son Alexander I, who had been regent for his father. He was known as “Alexander the Unifier” and he renamed the kingdom “Yugoslavia” in 1929.

yu297

SOLDADOS DEL REINO DE YUGOSLAVIA.

He was assassinated in Marseille by Vlado Chernozemski, a member of Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO), during his visit to France in 1934. The crown passed to his then-still under-aged son Peter. His cousin Paul ruled as Prince regent until 1941, when Peter II would come of age. The royal family flew to London the same year, prior to the outbreak of Nazi-German occupation.

tourist-organization-visit-belgrade-1418821404

PALACIO REAL – BELGRADO.

In April 1941, the Kingdom was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany and organised into four provinces under foreign rule. A royal government-in-exile, recognized by the United Kingdom and, later, by all the Allied powers, was established in London.

tumba principe alejandro ii

SEPULTURA DEL PRINCIPE ALEJANDRO II.

In 1944, after pressure from the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the King recognized the government of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia as the legitimate government. This was established on 2 November following the signing of the Treaty of Vis by Ivan Šubašić (on behalf of the Kingdom) and Josip Broz Tito (on behalf of the Yugoslav Partisans).

Kingdom_of_Yugoslavia_(1929-1939)-fr.svg


OTRAS DE MIS WEBS

CEUTA DESCONOCIDA:   http://www.ceutadesconocida.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

Anuncios