IMPERIO OTOMANO

(OTTOMAN EMPIRE)

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El Imperio otomano, también conocido como Imperio turco otomano (en otomano: دولت عالیه عثمانیه Devlet-i Âliye-i Osmâniyye; en turco moderno: Osmanlı Devleti o Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) fue un Estado multiétnico y multiconfesional gobernado por la dinastía osmanlí. Era conocido como el Imperio turco o Turquía por sus contemporáneos, aunque los gobernantes osmanlíes jamás utilizaron ese nombre para referirse a su Estado.

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EMBLEMA DEL IMPERIO OTOMANO.

En su máximo esplendor, entre los siglos XVI y XVII se expandía por tres continentes, ya que controlaba una vasta parte del Sureste Europeo, el Medio Oriente y el norte de África: limitaba al oeste con Marruecos, al este con el mar Caspio y al sur con Sudán, Eritrea, Somalía y Arabia. El Imperio otomano poseía 29 provincias, yMoldavia, Transilvania, Valaquia y Crimea eran Estados vasallos.

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AHMET TEVFIK PASA

Durante el siglo XIX, diversos territorios del Imperio otomano se independizaron, principalmente en Europa. Las sucesivas derrotas en guerras y el auge de los nacionalismos dentro del territorio llevaron al decaimiento del poder del imperio. Su participación en la Primera Guerra Mundial y el surgimiento de movimientos revolucionarios dentro de Turquía le dieron el golpe mortal. El imperio bajo la dirección de un sultán fue abolido el 1 de noviembre de 1922 y un año después, el califato. Los movimientos revolucionarios que lo habían derrocado se agruparon y fundaron el 23 de octubre de 1923 la República de Turquía.

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BILLETE DE DOS LIBRAS Y MEDIA – 1919.

 

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MONEDA DE 5 LIRAS

 

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SELLO DEL IMPERIO OTOMANO

The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّهDevlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish:Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also known as the Turkish Empire, Ottoman Turkey  or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.  After conquests in the Balkans by Murad I between 1362 and 1389, the Ottoman sultanate was transformed into a transcontinental empire and claimant to the caliphate. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinopleby Mehmed the Conqueror.

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MEHMED VI

During the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was a multinational, multilingual empire controlling much of Southeast Europe,Western Asia, the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.  At the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states. Some of these were later absorbed into the Ottoman Empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.

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SOLDADOS DEL IMPERIO OTOMANO.

With Constantinople as its capital and control of lands around the Mediterranean basin, the Ottoman Empire was at the centre of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries. Following a long period ofmilitary setbacks against European powers, the Ottoman Empire gradually declined into the late nineteenth century. The empire allied with Germany in the early 20th century, with the imperial ambition of recovering its lost territories, joining in World War I to achieve this ambition on the side of Germany and the Central Powers. While the Empire was able to largely hold its own during the conflict, it was struggling with internal dissent, especially in its Arabian holdings. Starting before the war, but growing increasingly common and violent during it, major atrocities were committed by the Ottoman government against the Armenians, Assyrians and Pontic Greeks.  The Empire’s defeat and the occupation of part of its territory by the Allied Powers in the aftermath of the conflict resulted in the emergence of a new state, Turkey, in the Ottoman Anatolian heartland following the Independence war, as well as the founding of modern Balkan and Middle Eastern states.

 

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ESTAMBUL, CAPITAL DEL IMPERIO OTOMANO.

 

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PALACIO DE TOPKAPI

 

Turkey-1860-19233


 

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