(AUSTRO HUNGARIAN EMPIRE) 1867 – 1919
El Imperio austro húngaro, Monarquía austro húngara o simplemente conocida como Austria-Hungría (en alemán: Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie; en húngaro: Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia) fue un Estado europeo creado en 1867 tras el Compromiso austrohúngaro, que reconocía al Reino de Hungría como una entidad autónoma dentro del Imperio austríaco.
Denominado Imperio austro húngaro, que en palabras del historiador Treitschke era «la enorme propiedad de la familia Habsburgo» en la que vivían una docena de pueblos. En 1914 tenía una extensión de 675 936 km² y contaba con 52 799 000 habitantes y era considerado como una de las grandes potencias en el marco internacional.
Lo que era el Imperio austro húngaro se reparte actualmente en trece Estados europeos: Austria, Hungría,República Checa, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, Croacia, Bosnia y Herzegovina y las regiones de Voivodina y el Banato Occidental en Serbia, Bocas de Kotor en Montenegro, Trentino-Alto Adigio y Trieste en Italia, Transilvania, elBanato Oriental y Bucovina en Rumanía, la parte occidental de Galitzia y Silesia en Polonia y la parte oriental de Galitzia y la Rutenia Transcarpática en Ucrania.
La monarquía dual se dividía en una serie de Estados que formaban parte de Austria o de Hungría, excepto Bosnia-Herzegovina que estaba bajo administración conjunta. La frontera quedó fijada en el río Leitha, por lo que Austria recibía el nombre de Cisleitania y Hungría el de Transleitania.
Austria-Hungary (German: Österreich-Ungarn; Hungarian: Osztrák–Magyar Monarchia), also known by other names and often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire in English-language sources, was a constitutionalunion of the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I.
The union was a result of the Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867, when the compromise was ratified by the Hungarian parliament. Austria-Hungary consisted of two monarchies (Austria and Hungary), and one autonomous region: Croatia–Slavonia under the Hungarian crown, which negotiated its own compromise (Nagodba) with Hungary in 1868.
It was ruled by the House of Habsburg, and constituted the last phase in the constitutional evolution of the Habsburg Monarchy. Following the 1867 reforms, the Austrian and the Hungarian states were co-equal. The Compromise required regular renewal, as did the customs union between the two components of the union. Foreign affairs and the military came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective states.
Austria-Hungary was a multinational realm and one of the world’s great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire, at 621,538 km2 (239,977 sq mi), and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States, Germany, and Britain.
After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking a diplomatic crisis among the other powers. Part of the Sanjak of Novi Pazar, a province of the Ottoman Empire, was also under joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia.
Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I. It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed an armistice at Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918.
The Hungarian Kingdom and the Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure, while the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the Czechoslovak Republic, the Republic of Poland and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, respectively, was also recognized by the victorious powers.
OTRAS DE MIS WEBS
CEUTA DESCONOCIDA: http://www.ceutadesconocida.wordpress.com/