AFRICA OCCIDENTAL BRITANICA

(BRITISH WEST AFRICA)     1780 – 1960

Flag_of_the_British_West_Africa_Settlements_(1870-1888).svg

África Occidental Británica (en inglés British West Africa) fue el nombre colectivo usado para las posesiones británicas en África Occidental durante la época colonial, tanto como término geográfico como unidad administrativa. Varios territorios, ocupados desde finales de la década de 1780 hasta su descolonización en la década de 1960, se incluían en el mismo.

2000px-Badge_of_the_British_West_Africa_Settlements_(1870-1888).svg

África Occidental Británica o los Asentamientos Británicos en África Occidental (en inglés British West African Settlements) fueron durante dos periodos (del 17 de octubre de 1821 hasta su primera disolución en el 13 de enero de 1850 y de nuevo desde el 19 de febrero de 1866 hasta su disolución final el 24 de noviembre de 1888) una entidad administrativa bajo un gobernador en jefe (equivalente en rango a un Gobernador General) y sede en Sierra Leona (Freetown).

44

REY BRITANICO JORGE V.

Las varias colonias fueron establecidas para apoyar los esfuerzos de la Marina Real Británica y su Escuadra de África Occidental más que por intereses económicos o expansionistas.  Las otras colonias incluidas en la jurisdicción fueron Gambia y la Costa de Oro (hoy en día, Ghana). Nigeria nunca fue incluida como tal, aunque desde la recreación de la Gobernación en 1866 se incluía el territorio de Lagos, núcleo de la misma.

BWA0002

BILLETE DE 2 SHILLINGS – 1918.

56429_A

BILLETE DE 10 SHILLINGS – 1942.

b80_0028a

BILLETE DE 20 SHILLINGS – 1951.

Incluso tras su disolución se siguió manteniendo una única divisa, la libra del África Occidental Británica, en toda la región (incluyendo Nigeria) desde 1907 a 1962.  Nigeria ganó su independencia en 1960, el mismo año que Sierra Leona, que gozaba de autogobierno desde 1958. Gambia se independizó en 1965. En 1954, la colonia británica de Costa del Oro alcanzó el autogobierno, independizándose en 1957 bajo el nombre de Ghana.

british_west_africa_shilling_1914

MONEDA DE 1 SHILLING – 1914.

1976

M0NEDA DE 1 PENIQUE – 1951.

British West Africa was the collective name for British colonies in West Africa during the colonial period, either in the general geographical sense or the formal colonial administrative entity. The United Kingdom held varying parts of these territories or the whole throughout the 19th century. From west to east, the colonies became the independent countries of the Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana and Nigeria. Until independence, Ghana was referred to as Gold Coast.

959faa4c3af04b5556b04bbe0aed0cb5

SELLO DE 6 SHILLINGS DE NIGERIA

dc7870691b422bcaadf9b97213843006---april-gambia

SELLO DE 5 SHILLINGS DE GAMBIA.

6275

SELLO DE 10 SHILLINGS DE SIERRA LEONA.

A1752

SELLO DE 6 SHILLINGS DE COSTA DE ORO

British West Africa, or the British West African Settlements, constituted during two periods (17 October 1821, until its first dissolution on 13 January 1850, and again 19 February 1866, until its final demise on 24 November 1888) an administrative entity under a governor-in-chief (comparable in rank to a Governor-general), an office vested in the governor of Sierra Leone (at Freetown).

Queen Mother, Queen Elizabeth

REINA ISABEL II EN COSTA DE ORO.

The other colonies originally included in the jurisdiction were the Gambia and the British Gold Coast (modern Ghana). Also western Nigeria, eastern Nigeria and northern Nigeria.

150623144536-queen-india-super-169

COLONOS BRITANICOS.

British West Africa’s present makeup includes Ghana, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Western Nigeria, Eastern Nigeria and Northern Nigeria. Each of these countries and areas are a post-colonial period, or what the Ghanaian writer Kwame Appiah dubs neo-colonialism.

SLPOST2147

RESIDENCIA DEL GOBERNADOR BRITANICO EN FREETOWN.

British West Africa’s development was solely based on modernisation, and autonomous educational systems were the first step to modernising indigenous culture. Cultures and interests of indigenous peoples were ignored. A new social order, as well as European influences within schools and local traditions, helped mould British West Africa’s culture. Significant was the British West African colonial school curriculum. Local elites developed, with new values and philosophies, who changed the overall cultural development.

he3b02-mau-000780-main

GOBERNADOR BRITANICO.

In terms of social issues with British West Africa; sex and race usually conflicted each other. (Carina E. Ray called it the “White Wife Problem”). During British West Africa’s history, interracial relations were frowned upon, and couples might be discriminated against.

SL285323

BANCO DE AFRICA OCCIDENTAL BRITANICA EN FREETOWN – SIERRA LEONA.

Black men were often accused of taking the jobs of white British men (mostly port workers) jobs as well as stealing their wives. White women were seen as immoral traitors who put their own selfish sexual desires over the good of their nation. There were even certain policies that deported the wives of these relationships back to Britain and denied them access to any of these colonies. Even after its final dissolution, a single currency, the British West African pound, was in effect throughout the region—including Nigeria—from 1907 to 1962.

SLNEW4892

CASAS COLONIALES EN FREETOWN.

Nigeria gained independence in 1960. Sierra Leone was self-governing by 1958 and gained independence in 1961. Gambia gained independence in 1965. In 1954, the British Gold Coast was allowed by Britain to self-govern and in 1957, the Gold Coast was given independence from Britain, under the name Ghana.

Sin título


 

OTRAS DE MIS WEBS

CEUTA DESCONOCIDA: http://www.ceutadesconocida.wordpress.com